"El subjuntivo" - Useful tips

"El subjuntivo" - Useful tips

I’m currently learning Spanish and having problems with the subjunctive.  I just wanted to know if you have any tips (or tricks) for the subjunctive, I’d really appreciate. Maybe this could be helpful for those who have problems with the subjunctive, too.

Igor Janckiewicz

For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I’d post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do ‘get’ the use of the subjunctive.

So, lets get started:

1. The letter “e” at the end of the verb

el subjuntivo

Basic tips for the present subjunctive: Use the opposite letter at the end of the word.

For example:

 

Él dice la verdad. Ending is “e”

Quiero que él me diga la verdad. Ending is “a”

Él me habla. Ending is “a”

Quiero que él me hable. Ending is “e”

 

2. The past subjunctive

Change the last two letters of the regular 3rd person plural past tense.

 

Ellos hablaron, ellos dijeron, ellos comieron,

Quería que tú me hablaras, que él me dijera,

Que nosotros comiéramos, que vosotros hablárais, que ellos hablaran.

 

3. The List

bandera-espana

A) Conditions

Si yo hablara/hablase = If I spoke
Si yo hablare = If I speak

B) Wishes/expectations:

Ojalá que yo hable
Quiero que yo hable
Es necesario que yo hable
Necesito que yo hable
Que yo hable!

C) Uncertainty

Dudo que yo hable
No pienso/Pienso que yo hable

Those are the basic situations. For conjugation, there’s no tip at all for the regular ones, you just need to practice. For the irregular ones, note that there’s always the same root for the two imperfect and the future and that the negative imperative is equal to the present subjunctive.

 

4. The Requirements

requirementsThere are three requirements that must be met for the subjunctive to be needed:

1. Two different subjects

2. a relative pronoun (“que”, “como”, “cual”, “donde”, or “quien”)

3. Two different verbs – the first will always be in the indicative and the second will always be in the subjunctive.  The first verb will signal that the second verb needs to be in the subjunctive by the very nature of that first verb and the context it’s used in (it expresses emotion, doubt, etc.).

Clauses, there must be two of them (this is an automatic consequence of requiring 2 subjects).

 

5. The Final Tips

When trying to remember a group of guidelines, we always use some tips to do it. The main tip is based on the fist letter of each word. In this case, we will try to remember word W.E.I.R.D.O:

Wishes
Emotions
Impersonal Expressions
Recommendations
Doubt/Denial
Ojalá

It will help, for sure!

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    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author