"El subjuntivo" - Useful tips

"El subjuntivo" - Useful tips

I’m currently learning Spanish and having problems with the subjunctive.  I just wanted to know if you have any tips (or tricks) for the subjunctive, I’d really appreciate. Maybe this could be helpful for those who have problems with the subjunctive, too.

Igor Janckiewicz

For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I’d post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do ‘get’ the use of the subjunctive.

So, lets get started:

1. The letter “e” at the end of the verb

el subjuntivo

Basic tips for the present subjunctive: Use the opposite letter at the end of the word.

For example:

 

Él dice la verdad. Ending is “e”

Quiero que él me diga la verdad. Ending is “a”

Él me habla. Ending is “a”

Quiero que él me hable. Ending is “e”

 

2. The past subjunctive

Change the last two letters of the regular 3rd person plural past tense.

 

Ellos hablaron, ellos dijeron, ellos comieron,

Quería que tú me hablaras, que él me dijera,

Que nosotros comiéramos, que vosotros hablárais, que ellos hablaran.

 

3. The List

bandera-espana

A) Conditions

Si yo hablara/hablase = If I spoke
Si yo hablare = If I speak

B) Wishes/expectations:

Ojalá que yo hable
Quiero que yo hable
Es necesario que yo hable
Necesito que yo hable
Que yo hable!

C) Uncertainty

Dudo que yo hable
No pienso/Pienso que yo hable

Those are the basic situations. For conjugation, there’s no tip at all for the regular ones, you just need to practice. For the irregular ones, note that there’s always the same root for the two imperfect and the future and that the negative imperative is equal to the present subjunctive.

 

4. The Requirements

requirementsThere are three requirements that must be met for the subjunctive to be needed:

1. Two different subjects

2. a relative pronoun (“que”, “como”, “cual”, “donde”, or “quien”)

3. Two different verbs – the first will always be in the indicative and the second will always be in the subjunctive.  The first verb will signal that the second verb needs to be in the subjunctive by the very nature of that first verb and the context it’s used in (it expresses emotion, doubt, etc.).

Clauses, there must be two of them (this is an automatic consequence of requiring 2 subjects).

 

5. The Final Tips

When trying to remember a group of guidelines, we always use some tips to do it. The main tip is based on the fist letter of each word. In this case, we will try to remember word W.E.I.R.D.O:

Wishes
Emotions
Impersonal Expressions
Recommendations
Doubt/Denial
Ojalá

It will help, for sure!

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    • Bienvenido/a a la Prueba de nivel de español..
    • Al final del test, sabrás tu puntuación total.
    1.

    Hola, me llamo Antonio. Y tú, ¿cómo te ______?

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    1 out of 21
    2.

    -¿Quiénes ___ esos hombres?
    – Unos amigos.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    2 out of 21
    3.

    – ¿____ se dice “Tisch” en español?
    – Se dice “mesa”.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    3 out of 21
    4.

    – Manuel, y tú… ¿en qué trabajas?
    – Soy _______ en un supermercado.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    4 out of 21
    5.

    – Manuel vive en España, pero sus hermanos _____ en Polonia.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    5 out of 21
    6.

    ¿Cuál ______ tu número de teléfono?

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    6 out of 21
    7.

    – Lucía tiene unos hijos muy _____ .

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    7 out of 21
    8.

    – En Granada _______ una catedral muy interesante.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    8 out of 21
    9.

    – Perdone, ¿dónde ______ el Museo Picasso?

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    9 out of 21
    10.

    – ¿Te _______ cocinar?
    – Pues la verdad es que no_____ . _____ ir a un restaurante.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    10 out of 21
    11.

    – Esta noche ______ al tenis, ¿te gustaría acompañarnos?

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    11 out of 21
    12.

    – Buenas tardes, señor. ¿Qué desea?
    – Me _____ probar el gazpacho.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    12 out of 21
    13.

    – Medio kilo de manzanas, por favor.
    – ¿Cómo _____ quiere?
    – No muy verdes.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    13 out of 21
    14.

    -¿Qué tal está la paella?
    -Está _______ rica.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    14 out of 21
    15.

    – No me gusta el frío.
    – __________________.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    15 out of 21
    16.

    – El jersey es ______ bonito ______ la chaqueta.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    16 out of 21
    17.

    – A Pepe _________ regalamos una bici eléctrica.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    17 out of 21
    18.

    – Hola, ¿qué queréis tomar?
    – _______ un par de cervezas, por favor.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    18 out of 21
    19.

    – María, en tu casa, ¿quién pone la mesa?
    – Normalmente la _______ yo. Aunque casi siempre me ayudan.

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    19 out of 21
    20.

    – Todos los días me acuerdo de mis amigos. Y tú, ¿ ____ acuerdas siempre de ellos?

    Summary
    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
    Description
    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
    Author
    20 out of 21

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    Article Name
    El subjuntivo - Useful tips
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    For those of us trying to get a handle on the subjunctive and not always getting it right over The Subjunctive I thought I'd post this up to any tips or tricks known by those who do 'get' the use of the subjunctive.
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